Venv is used to provide support for creating virtual environments which are light in weight with their very own site directories, optionally isolated from system site directories. These are new in version 3.3 source code: Lib/venv/. It is different to virtualenv. You can use any of the below top 10 Python venv commands to be more efficient in managing and creating isolated environments for your work so you are more organized by being able to manage it.
Why venv is used a lot in Python projects
It helps to create a Local Environment (not system-wide) that is specific to the project on which you work. Therefore, as you begin to work on different projects they would have different dependencies like different versions of Django, so you would need to have a different virtual environment for each.
It is a self-contained directory that carries a certain version of Python and some additional packages as specified by the user. Moreover, you can also install or uninstall any library you want by using “pip” once the environment gets activated.
The version of python (the one installed by default on your OS shall be included unless and until you specify a different one), more libraries and scripts installed on the virtual environment are isolated completely from the ones which have been installed on your machine or any other.
Without any doubt, you must know that Python comes with a virtual environment manager which is known as “venv” for version 3 “venvlenv” for version 2. Now let’s see how to showcase the use of “venv” which is regarded as the lowest tool to manage Python packages within the environments.
Examples of venv uses:
These include Email, web-based document-sharing applications and chat. All you need to do is put them in a networked common operating space.
Now, we have compiled for you some of the best and most commonly used commands that shall help to create, use as well as manage Python virtual environments.
Top 10 Best venv commands List for Python (Full Cheat Sheet)
Before you continue, either on Linux or Windows, make sure Python is installed on your terminal or CMD. Otherwise, you can follow our article to install it.
Allow venv Access to other System Site-Packages
All the dependencies that get installed in this are isolated from corresponding packages installed in the actual system or some other environment.
For any purpose you intend to give its access to the system site-package dir, then all you need to simply do is specify “–system-site-packages” flag in order to instruct “venv” to do so. Keep in mind that this is not one of the recommended practices and you can make use of this in time of need.
Paul@ninja-ide:~#python3 –m venv /path/paul_virtual --system-site-packages
If you are not in the mood and want to either skip or upgrade “pip” (if you don’t know it is that default package manager) then it can be done by passing “–without-pip” flag. You can use apt-get method.
Paul@ninja-ide:~#python3 –m venv /path/paul_virtual --without-pip
Create directories with specific target
You can also create a directory that would only work for a set virtual environment.
Paul@ninja-ide:~#python3 def create(self, env_dir):
Activate Virtual Environment in Python with one command
As you have created one now you need to tell your OS to make use of it by first activating it. For this, you need to call out the “activate” script which is present under bin/ sub-directory there in the created tree structure of the environment.
Paul@ninja-ide:~# source paul_virtual/bin/activate
You shall notice that in the terminal that every line starts with my_venv which indicated that currently the environment known as my_venv has been activated.
Once done, you can now install or uninstall anything, this shall only affect within that specific environment and nowhere else.
Because of dependency support you can install packages in venv and it will pull the pip files automatically too with the below command:
Clear Existing Environments
Now at times what can be done is that you don’t need to completely delete it you may want to clear the packages that were installed previously. If this is that case then you can clear venv simply. For this:
Paul@ninja-ide:~#python3 –m –clear path/to/paul-virtual
Update Python version inside venv environment
If you intend to use the existing python version then simple provide with “—upgrade” flag:
Paul@ninja-ide:~#python3 –m venv /path/to/paul_virtual –upgrade
Easily Create a Virtual Environment
To develop a python library or application the first and foremost thing to do is develop a virtual environment.
Paul@ninja-ide:~# python3 –m venv paul_virtual
This shall create one which is known as “paul_virtual” and is placed under the current directory. When you have an inspection of the content of the directory created you shall see similar results to the ones mentioned below:
Paul@ninja-ide:~# ls paul_virtual bin/ doc/ etc/ images/ include/ lib/ pyvenv.cfg share
Now, if you intend to make a virtual environment under a particular directory then all you need to do is simply include it along with venv name like:
Paul@ninja-ide:~# Python3 –m venv path/ussr/venv/paul_virtual
Deactivating your Virtual Environment
If you have finished with developing your package and are in need to work with another one then you can deactivate it by running “deactivate” in the command line:
You shall see that the virtual environment name has disappeared which means it is not active.
Bonus: Deleting your environment – you will have to at some point
It is nothing more than a tree directory that is created with certain content automatically. So, to get rid of venv all you need to do is remove the directory from the disk simply.
Paul@ninja-ide:~#rm –rf /path/paul_virtual
Python as you know is a programming language that can be used in almost any scenario. Our list of best Python venv commands are specifically helpful for computer programmers, engineers and students who may have multiple projects to work on at the same time. Having them in a different and their own directory and sandbox is crucial so you do not get confused and override other files. Further information can be found on the official documentation.